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JTM’s Monthly Safeguarding Bulletin – May 2022

Topics for this month:

Healthy Relationships Resource Pack (Safelives)

In 2019, SafeLives gathered the voices and perspectives of men and boys aged 11 and over, asking them about abuse, masculinity and what a ‘healthy’ relationship looks like. Almost a third of respondents said they had demonstrated behaviour within a relationship that they regretted.

Professionals working with young people are in the unique position to support them to have healthy relationships during this critical window – before they harm or are harmed.

To do this, professionals need to feel confident starting conversations about relationships. Building on the research, SafeLives have developed a resource pack that practitioners could use to start conversations with young people about relationships and explore what healthy looks like.  

Access the resource pack here:
https://safelives.org.uk/sites/default/files/resources/SafeLives%20Resource%20Pack%20-%20final.pdf

Keeping Children Safe In Education

The Department for Education (DfE) has published an updated version of its statutory KCSIE in England, which will come into force on 01 September 2022. Annex F of the of the new guidance sets out the changes made, including: a new paragraph on domestic abuse added to the list of safeguarding issues all staff should be aware of, new information on the importance of  talking to parents about children’s access to online sites when away from school, and a new paragraph highlighting the importance of ensuring that children understand the law on child-on-child abuse is there to protect them rather than criminalise them.

Read the guidance: Statutory guidance: keeping children safe in education
Download the guidance: Keeping children safe in education 2022 (PDF)

Online Bullying

Ofcom has released the second episode of their new podcast series Life online which explores themes around online safety. This episode centres on cyberbullying and includes three teenagers sharing their own experiences of online bullying.    

Read the news story: Threat of online bullying greater than offline
Listen to the podcast: Online bullying in the digital world

Free CPD online training (anti-bullyingalliance.org.uk)


See also on NSPCC Learning 
Protecting children from bullying and cyberbullying

Mental Health Awareness Week ‘tackling loneliness’ 9th-15th May

One in four adults feel lonely some or all of the time, and there is no single cause and often there is no one solution. After all, we are all different, but the longer we feel lonely, the more we are at risk of mental health problems. Some people are also at higher risk of feeling lonely than others. 

‘Mental Health Awareness Week’ this year, is trying to raise awareness of the impact of loneliness on our mental health and the practical steps we can take to address it.  

Talking therapies can help 

Talking through your feelings with a counsellor or therapist can help you cope with your feelings of loneliness. Talking therapy can be hard to get – but if you can find a professional, it can really be of benefit. It will provide you with a safe space to work through your feelings and thoughts without judgement. Check out your local resources by visiting the NHS website.

Try to use social media in a positive way 

Social media can help your mental health, but it can also affect it negatively. The key is to use it in a positive way. Finding digital communities, you share interests and passions with can help. Most importantly be aware of how you feel when you use social media and focus on topics and activities that work best for you.

Try and do things that stimulate your mind 

Activities that occupy your mind can help with loneliness. This can include the benefits of taking courses or listening to podcasts on topics from comedy to fitness. This can be stimulating and something as simple as listening to the familiar voice of someone you like can help you feel less lonely.

Think about doing a physical activity 

Physical exercise can help with loneliness. It can be as simple as having a walk in the park when you are feeling a bit overwhelmed. Alternatively, you could listen to music and do a bit of dancing around your living room.

Try to engage with the people you meet in your daily life. 

It can be hard to talk to others when you are feeling lonely. However, trying to connect with the people you meet as you go about your day can be helpful. Even catching someone’s eye and saying “hi” as you walk along can make you feel better. Or it could be about saying hello to the postwomen or postman or going to the shops and talking to the person at the checkout. By sharing a polite greeting – you might find you give someone else a positive lift too.

Five warning signs of mental illness
  • Long-lasting sadness or irritability
  • Extremely high and low moods
  • Excessive fear, worry, or anxiety which takes over the mind
  • Social withdrawal and changes in character
  • Dramatic changes in eating or sleeping habits, as well as appearance

Living with a mental health problem can often have an impact on day-to-day life, making things that others might not think about more difficult. Common mental health disorders include- depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder to more extreme conditions such as schizophrenia.

Tips on how you can help mental health
  • Buy yourself something nice….
  • Cook a meal that nourishes your mind. …
  • Ring a friend who you have not spoken to in a while. …
  • Write yourself a letter, highlighting your good points to remind yourself about what a special person you are. …
  • Watch a funny film. …
  • Go for a walk in the country side
  • Look at happy photos or videos

If you feel you need some advice, support, or help with your mental health you can access Mind website https://www.mind.org.uk

or Young Minds https://www.youngminds.org.uk/

You can also accesswww.nhs.ukfor further mental health support and information.

JTM’s Safeguarding Team, including pastoral support is available to help and support you. You can contact the Safeguarding Team directly (details below) or contact your JTM Assessor.

A number of organisations have created resources for teaching staff to use:

Mental Health Awareness Week 2022 toolkit (Anna Freud)
https://mentallyhealthyschools.org.uk/resources/mental-health-awareness-week-2022-toolkit-of-resources/

Mental Health Foundations Resources
https://www.mentalhealth.org.uk/campaigns/mental-health-awareness-week/resources

Mental Health Awareness Week (Mind)
https://www.mind.org.uk/get-involved/mental-health-awareness-week

FE resources Resource library : Mentally Healthy Schools

Coping with self-harm – for young people (Mind)

Self-harm involves emotionally or physically hurting yourself on purpose. You may also hear it being called:

  • ‘self-injury’
  • ‘cutting’
  • ‘self-violence’
  • ‘non-suicidal self-injury’
  • ‘self-injurious behaviour’.

People self-harm for many different reasons, and in many different ways. The reason or way they self-harm may be different each time too. And sometimes they may self-harm but not realise until afterwards.

Self-harm is often misunderstood. Let’s break down some myths and stereotypes you may have heard:

  1. Self-harm is only when you cut yourselffalse!

Self-harm can take many forms, including:

  • hurting or injuring yourself, like headbutting a wall
  • poisoning yourself
  • doing something that will put you in danger, like getting into fights or binge-drinking
  • not looking after yourself, like not eating meals or washing
  • sending hateful or abusive messages to yourself, or about yourself, online.
  • Any way that someone hurts or injures themselves on purpose can be seen as self-harm.

If you don’t realise what you’re doing is self-harm, it can be harder to recognise that you need help and support. So it’s important to try to understand the reasons behind the behaviour.

  1. Only girls self-harm’false!

Anyone can self-harm, no matter what their gender is.

More girls are seen by doctors or local services for self-harm, but that doesn’t mean they’re the only ones who hurt themselves on purpose. Boys and men are affected too. And it might be myths like this that make it harder for them to seek help. If boys self-harm, they may feel judged or misunderstood. Or if their self-harm is hidden by angry behaviour, it may take longer to be recognised and for them to receive help.

  1. Self-harm is contagious’false!

Self-harm is not contagious. It can’t be caught like a disease and being near someone who’s self-harmed doesn’t mean you will self-harm. Nor will being told about someone’s self-harm.

But there is a greater chance of self-harm if someone close to you has self-harmed. They could be physically close, like in the same class, or emotionally close, like a friend or family member.

Here’s some reasons why:

it can be seen as a ‘normal’ response within a group to deal with difficult feelings or experiences

someone may learn how to harm themselves from someone else it can be a result of peer pressure, like copying others to fit in. This is why we should be careful about how we talk about self-harm to others, and what we see or read online.

  1. ‘Self-harm is a coping strategy’true!

Some people use self-harm as a way to cope with a negative experience, thought or feeling. They may feel it’s the only way for them to cope with the situation, or their feelings, at that time.

However, self-harm is a negative coping strategy. It may get rid of some of the stress or emotion at first, but it doesn’t help deal with the reason you’re feeling distressed. If you start to rely on self-harm as a coping strategy, over time it stops providing a sense of comfort or release, and it helps less and less.

  1. ‘You can stop self-harming’true!

With the right help and support, you can reduce your self-harm and then stop self-harming. The longer you have self-harmed, the longer it may take to break down your reliance on it and replace it with something safer.

Recovery from self-harm is a process, not an end goal. Recovery may be about managing the urge to self-harm, rather than stopping completely.  Sometimes there may be setbacks, and that’s okay. It doesn’t mean you don’t want to get better, and it’s part of learning what does and doesn’t help you.

Wanting to change how you cope is a great first step to stopping self-harming.

Why do people self-harm?

People self-harm for different reasons. They might self-harm as a way of dealing with something difficult that is happening or has happened to them in the past. Or they might not know why they’re hurting themselves. Even if you don’t understand why you’re self-harming, you’re not alone and you can still get help.

Some reasons young people self-harm include:

  • living with health problems – like a physical health problem or an illness
  • living with a mental health problem – or experiences linked with poor mental health, like anger or hearing voices
  • living with conditions like ADHD or autism
  • stressful or upsetting experiences – like relationship problems, losing a loved one, bullying, abuse or money worries
  • intrusive thoughts – thoughts that you don’t want but keep coming to you
  • problems with how you feel about yourself – like experiencing racism or homophobia, questioning your sexuality or identity, having low self-esteem or body image worries
  • self-harm feeling ‘normal’ among your peers
  • seeing images of self-harm online
  • drinking alcohol or taking drugs.

Young people also told ‘Mind’ they self-harm because they want to:

  • show how they feel without speaking
  • be distracted from how they’re feeling
  • cope with, or escape from, painful feelings, thoughts or memories
  • punish themselves for something
  • stop feeling disconnected from themselves or the world
  • create a reason to look after themselves, like caring for wounds
  • manage thoughts of suicide.

How do I tell someone I’m self-harming?

Try to tell someone you trust as soon as you feel ready to reach out. Some people may not understand straight away. This could be because they don’t understand self-harm, or they’re upset and in shock.

Remember: this is not your fault, and there is always someone there to support you. This could be a parent or carer, a friend, a partner or a professional like a teacher, doctor or counsellor. JTM’s Safeguarding Team, including pastoral support is available to help and support you. You can contact the Safeguarding Team directly or contact your JTM Assessor.

RoleMember of staffEmailTelephone
Designated Safeguarding Lead and member of JTM’s Safeguarding TeamGina Stephensgina.stephens@jarvis-eu.com  07867260276
Deputy Safeguarding Lead and member of JTM’s Safeguarding TeamTom Sumnalltom.sumnall@jarvis-eu.com07741743618  
Deputy Safeguarding Lead, Pastoral Support and member of JTM’s Safeguarding Team:Janine Ridleyjanine.ridley@jarvis-eu.com07771672491

Before you talk to someone, you might want to think about:

  • Writing down how you feel – you could do this when you’re feeling calm, or just before or after you’ve self-harmed.
  • Practising what you want to say or speaking confidentially to Childline or The Mix first.
  • Who you want to talk to – you could think about who will be kind and supportive?
  • How you’d feel most comfortable telling them – this could be sitting down face-to-face, doing something together, talking over the phone or giving them a letter.
  • If you have low self-esteem – this can sometimes make you feel like you’re a ‘burden’ to others. This isn’t true but can make it feel harder to reach out. If you feel like this, you could try having a chat with a counsellor from Childline or The Mix. They could give you some encouragement or positive things to remember.
  • Looking at our information on opening up for more suggestions.

Once you feel ready to talk, you could:

  • Think about how to start the conversation – there’s no right or wrong way to do this, but if you need some ideas, you could try:
  • ‘This is difficult for me to talk about, but I need to tell you something.’
  • ‘I need your support with something, can we talk?’
  • ‘I’ve been hurting myself because I feel…
  • Ask someone you trust to help you explain – or to tell someone for you, if they feel able to.
  • Try not to tell them too many details about how you self-harm. It may be upsetting for them to hear or a lot for them to take in at first.
  • Explain what you’d like from them – are you looking for someone to listen or to help you find support?
  • Ask them to let you know if they need to tell someone else – so you know what to expect.
  • Plan to do something kind for yourself afterwards – telling someone may not be easy, but it’s something you should feel proud of.

Visit the Mind website to understand more about self-harm and information relating to:

  • Coping with the urge to self-harm
  • Helping yourself long term
  • Self-harm and social media
  • Coping with scars
  • Coping with relapses

https://www.mind.org.uk/information-support/for-children-and-young-people/self-harm/coping-with-self-harm/

Free training on self-harm and understanding young minds:

Virtual College has a free ‘Understanding Young Minds’ online training course that handles the subject of teenage self-harm and parental ways to support children, in a sensitive and informational way.

Virtual College have worked in partnership with SelfharmUK to create a free online course designed to help parents talk about the issue of self-harm with their children.

Thousands of children and young people in the UK are thought to be impacted by self-harm each year. Spotting the signs can be difficult, and approaching the subject with children can be an uncomfortable experience.

This online course, ‘Talking to your children about emotional resilience and self-harm’, has been designed to provide a basic awareness of the subject to help approach children with confidence about the issue.

https://www.virtual-college.co.uk/courses/safeguarding/understanding-young-minds

Drink and needle spiking’s

Drink and needle spiking’s are serious crimes, and can seriously affect the health of the person who’s been spiked.

Make sure you know how to stay safe from spiking and what to do if you think you or someone you know has been spiked.

What is spiking?

Spiking is when someone gives another person a substance without that person’s knowledge or consent.

Substances used in spiking can include:

  • Alcohol
  • ‘Date rape’ drugs
  • Illicit drugs
  • Prescription drugs

These substances can be added to a person’s drink, or injected into a person using a syringe. Shots of alcohol can be added to drinks to make them stronger, causing someone to get drunk much quicker than expected, or sometimes a drink can be spiked with drugs that are specifically designed to incapacitate someone.

Symptoms of spiking

The effects of spiking vary depending on what you’ve been spiked with. Symptoms could include:

  • Lowered inhibitions
  • Loss of balance
  • Feeling sleepy
  • Visual problems
  • Confusion
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Unconsciousness

The symptoms will depend on lots of factors such as the substance or mix of substances used (including the dose), your size and weight, and how much alcohol you have already consumed.

If you or a friend start to feel strange or more drunk than you should be, then get help straight away.

How to help a friend who has been spiked

If you think a friend has had their drink spiked, and they are showing any of the symptoms described above there are a few things you can do to help:

  • Tell a bar manager, bouncer or member of staff
  • Stay with them and keep talking to them
  • Call an ambulance if their condition deteriorates
  • Don’t let them go home on their own
  • Don’t let them leave with someone you don’t know or trust
  • Don’t let them drink more alcohol – this could lead to more serious problems
How to avoid drink spiking

Ensuring all venues are safe from assault and harassment such as drink spiking is a collective responsibility. All venues that are licensed to sell alcohol have a legal duty for public safety and the prevention of crime and disorder on their premises, and this is monitored by their local authority. These licenses to sell alcohol usually include conditions to ensure venues have appropriate security and staff training in place.

Some venues give out drink stoppers for the top of your bottle to prevent someone dropping something in your drink.

There are also testing kits that can be used to detect certain drugs. But these don’t test for all types of drugs, so don’t always work, and they can’t detect extra alcohol in your drink.

Reporting suspected drink spiking to a venue and the police is one way to ensure enough steps are being taken to keep people safe.

As individuals, there are also things we can do to help avoid being a victim of drink spiking.

Drink spiking can happen in any situation, at home or on a night out. However, there are a few things you can do to protect yourself:

  • Never leave your drink unattended, whether it’s alcoholic or not
  • Don’t accept a drink from someone you don’t know
  • Avoid drinking too much by sticking to the UK low risk drinking guidelines
  • Stick together with friends, and look out for each other
If you think you’ve been assaulted

One of the effects of date rape drugs can be amnesia, or loss of memory. That means it’s possible that you won’t be sure if you’ve been assaulted. But if you suspect you’ve been physically or sexually assaulted it’s important to tell someone. Try to confide in someone you trust like a friend or family member or JTM’s Safeguarding Team listed above.

You can go to the police or hospital accident and emergency department. If you don’t feel able to do that right away, there are Rape Crisis charity helplines you can call for support and advice:

Information used in this bulletin surrounding drink and needle spikings was taken from ‘Health Watch – Wigan and Leigh’.

Festival Safe

With the festival season appearing soon, the Festival Safe website have produced a guide to help festival-goers make informed choices about their time away.

Amongst help on picking the right tent and choice of footwear, the site includes a section on alcohol and other drugs, including:

  • Understanding The Law
  • General Harm Reduction Guide
  • Alcohol Harm Reduction Guide
  • Drugs Harm Reduction Guide
  • Drug Testing

Festival Safe can be found here: https://www.festivalsafe.com/information/drugs-alcohol

New WhatsApp Communities feature

Expected to release at the ‘end of the year’ as a new tab/section in the app, the Communities feature aims to bring together separate WhatsApp groups into one super group or ‘Community’. It will allow real-life communities to “communicate and coordinate” with each other (e.g., a neighbourhood, restaurant staff, or school parents’ groups) by allowing administrators to organise all relevant group chats into one page. Users will receive notifications and updates that are sent to an entire Community by admins, as well as individual messages for smaller groups within that Community. The goal is to allow up to “thousands” of users to connect with one another more easily.

Admins will be given new tools that will help them to manage the conversations happening across their Community on the platform. Users will have the ability to leave a group or Community silently if they so choose (unlike presently, where entire groups are notified if someone leaves) and will have more accessible blocking and reporting features.


What are the potential safeguarding risks?

  • While this change will be beneficial to groups and eliminate the number of notifications or messages a user receives, it also will make it easier for groups with harmful intentions to organise and share information and material on an encrypted platform.
  • The names of communities are not encrypted. This could mean harmful groups might go by false names, which makes it more difficult for investigators to access potential evidence if there is an incident. It could also mean someone might be invited into a Community without knowing what it is actually dedicated to.
  • Administrators will have more power for moderation than before, including multi-group broadcasting and linking groups in. This could result in instances of cyberbullying or online harassment that may go unchecked or un-investigated by WhatsApp moderators.

WhatsApp have said they will take action against any Communities who engage in abusive behaviour “such as distributing child sexual abuse material or coordinating violence or human trafficking.” However, they intend to do this through available unencrypted information (e.g., Community name or description) and will rely heavily on user reports to ensure groups are banned or disbanded.

For more info, please visit: https://ineqe.com/2022/05/13/your-safety-guide-to-whatsapps-new-features/

If there are any safeguarding areas which you would like us to cover, please do let us know and we will try our best to source the information and include in future issues.

Or, you have information which would be useful to share please send it through, and we will include it in the bulletin

JTM’s Monthly Safeguarding Bulletin – April 2022

Topics for this month:

Educate Against Hate

Is a website which provides practical advice, support and resources to protect children from extremism and radicalisation, with resources to safeguard learner from radicalisation, build resilience to all types of extremism and promote shared values for teachers, resources are designed for all stages up to Key Stage 5.  

The website has been developed by the Department for Education and the Home Office.

This video provides an overview of how the Educate Against Hate website can be used and the resources and materials available.

https://educateagainsthate.com/resources/educate-hate-training-video

This links takes you directly to the resources, but we recommend you explore the site there are lots of useful information and resources to support this area of your curriculum.

Classroom resources – Educate Against Hate

Child Mental Health

Whilst this podcast was released for Child Mental Health week in February, non the less, the information remains current and useful providing up to date statical information, particularly around the impact of Covid and top tips for talking to young people about mental health.

Talking to Children and Young People about Mental Health

Self-harming

As of January 2022, there are an estimated 57 million social media users in the UK. This is an increase of 6.9 million people since the beginning of the pandemic. Furthermore, we have seen a 200% increase in the use of mental health-related apps and the use of such apps to help prevent incidents, of which self-harm has increased by 76%.

What is self -harming?

  • Includes any activity that intentionally injures the body such as cutting, burning, picking, high risk behaviours and excessive exercise or eating restrictions. 
  • Self-harm is fundamentally an attempt to cope with and control intense, difficult, and distressing feelings or thought patterns.
  • Self-harm can be a distressing topic for parents, carers, and safeguarding professionals to think about, but it is worth being clear that self-harm behaviours are less about ‘seeking attention’ and more of a signal and ‘cry for help’. 
  • Most self-harm will happen in secret and usually comes with feelings of guilt and shame.
  • Motivations are complex but young people report feeling a release or punishing themselves. 
  • This release is only temporary and when difficult feelings appear again, so too can the urge to engage in self-harm behaviours. This can cause a difficult cycle of high-risk behaviours to manage difficult feelings. 

The importance of appropriate self-harming support

The value of peer support and where appropriate, this should be encouraged alongside existing professional mental health support for children and young people.

There may be additional complexities where a child or young person who has sought support in online spaces does not get an appropriate response or receives negative feedback, which might discourage them from seeking further help. It is important to recognise and establish the quality of information or advice they receive and discuss this with professional help or the necessary support intervention.

Reasons why you might self-harm?

It is usually a symptom or sign that something stressful or upsetting is going on in your life that is difficult to deal with. This could be something like:

  • suffering abuse
  • experiencing a traumatic incident
  • family problems like a divorce
  • bullying
  • a sudden change in your life, like a death, or moving school, and extreme peer pressure
  • low self-esteem or issues with body image
  • loneliness and feelings of guilt, failure, or being unloved
How to stop self-harming and getting help

Talking about how you are feeling with someone you trust can feel like a relief. This person could be a friend, family member, teacher, school counsellor/nurse, or youth worker. Think about who you feel safe with and how you would feel most comfortable communicating, whether it’s face to face, over the phone, by text or email.

Small changes that can boost your mood

  • Consider how your use of social media is affecting your mood. Only follow accounts that make you feel positive and safe.
  • Make sure you get enough sleep and stay hydrated – this can reduce your stress levels.
  • Take time out when you need to and reach out for help talk about how you feel.
  • Think of three things you are grateful for each day.
  • Be as kind to yourself as you would be to your best friend – think about the advice and support you would give someone else if you heard they were struggling.

Young Minds offer lots of support over the phone, by text or email.

It is understandable if you are worried no one will understand you, or that people might judge you. But don’t worry, there are lots of trained people who do understand and really care and can help. That is because they speak to thousands of young people who are going through this too. Nothing you can say will shock them, and they are here to listen and support you. You are not alone and have support there to help you cope.

For more information, please visit the website below, you can also access peer support groups, and read stories & advice of successful self-harm recoveries.

https://www.youngminds.org.uk/young-person/my-feelings/selfharm/#HowcanIstopselfharming

Apple to roll out child safety feature that scans messages for nudity to UK iPhones.

Feature that searches messages will go ahead after delays over privacy and safety concerns

A safety feature that uses AI technology to scan messages sent to and from children will soon hit British iPhones, Apple has announced.

The feature, referred to as “communication safety in Messages”, allows parents to turn on warnings for their children’s iPhones. When enabled, all photos sent or received by the child using the Messages app will be scanned for nudity.

If nudity is found in photos received by a child with the setting turned on, the photo will be blurred, and the child will be warned that it may contain sensitive content and nudged towards resources from child safety groups. If nudity is found in photos sent by a child, similar protections kick in, and the child is encouraged not to send the images, and given an option to “Message a Grown-Up”.

All the scanning is carried out “on-device”, meaning that the images are analysed by the iPhone itself, and Apple never sees either the photos being analysed or the results of the analysis, it said.

The company is also introducing a set of features intended to intervene when content related to child exploitation is searched for in Spotlight, Siri or Safari.

Full article: https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2022/apr/20/apple-says-new-child-safety-feature-to-be-rolled-out-for-uk-iphones

Internet Watch Foundation (IWF) hotline.

IWF helps victims of child sexual abuse worldwide by identifying and removing online images and videos of their abuse. They search for child sexual abuse images and videos and offer a place for the public to report them anonymously. IWF then have them removed. They are an independent, non-profit charitable organisation working in partnership with a range of other organisations from the private, public and NGO sectors.

For more information about the IWF hotline, please visit: https://saferinternet.org.uk/hotline

Peer on Peer or Child on Child Abuse

Broadly speaking, peer-on-peer abuse is defined ‘as any form of physical, sexual, emotional, financial, and/or coercive control exercised between children and young people’; this includes intimate and non-intimate relationships.

This means that young people’s experiences of peer-on-peer abuse can fit within a number of other definitions of violence/abuse:

  • Domestic violence and abuse. Young people who experience peer-on-peer abuse in their romantic or dating relationships may also be experiencing domestic abuse.
  • Coercive control is an act or a pattern of acts of assault, threats, humiliation and intimidation or other abuse that is used to harm, punish, or frighten a victim.
  • Child sexual exploitation. Young people who are sexually exploited by peers will be experiencing child sexual exploitation as well as peer-on peer abuse.
  • Sexual violence and sexual harassment can occur between two or more children of any sex. It may also involve a group of children sexually assaulting or sexually harassing a single child or group of children. Sexually violent and harassing behaviours exist on a continuum. These behaviours, if they persist and are unaddressed can create environments in which sexually abusive assaults occur.
  • Harmful sexual behaviour. When a young person sexually harms a peer, they are committing an act of peer-to-peer abuse as well as displaying harmful sexual behaviour.
  • Hackett defines Harmful Sexual Behaviour as: ‘Sexual behaviours expressed by children and young people under the age of 18 years old that are developmentally inappropriate, maybe harmful towards self or others, or be abusive towards a child, young person or adult’. In addition, sexual behaviour between young people, where one of the pair is much older can be considered harmful (especially if there is more than two years difference, and if one is pre-pubescent and one is not). However, a younger child can still harm an older child.

Further information on Peer on Peer Abuse can be found here

Peer on peer abuse – Safeguarding Network

Violence against Women and Girls (Mayor of London/London Assembly)

In the UK, a violent man kills a woman every three days. Changing this starts with men reflecting on their own behaviour and the way they see, treat and talk about women. 

The Mayor of London and the London Assembly has launched a campaign called ‘Have A Word With Yourself, Then With Your Mates’. There are number of videos and other resources to encourage behavioural change from men and boys towards women. Find the resources here: https://www.london.gov.uk//content/have-a-word

Equality, Diversity and Inclusion Events – May 2022

This image contains information on the religious ascensions of Ramadan and Buddha Day

Deaf Awareness Week

Date: 4th-9th May
Promotes the positive aspects of deafness’, social inclusion and general awareness raising. For more information please see the links below.
www.deafcouncil.org.uk
www.actiononhearingloss.org.uk

National day for Staff Networks

Date: 11th May
Recognising the added value of staff network groups. The day aims to raise awareness of the support and influence staff networks provide to employees.

International Day of Families

Date: 15th May
Provides an opportunity to promote awareness of issues relating to families and increase knowledge of the social, economic and demographic processes affecting them.

International Day Against Homophobia, Biphobia & Transphobia

This image is showing the progress flag

Date: 17th May
Provides a platform for everyone to make a powerful statement to demand improvements for the quality of life for LGBT people.
www.idaho.org.uk

The Foster Care Fortnight Campaign

Date: 10th-23rd May
Showcases the commitment, passion, and dedication of foster carers. It also supports fostering services to highlight the need for more foster carers.
www.thefosteringnetwork.org.uk

Mental Health Awareness week

This image is to show the mental health awareness ribbon

Date: 9th-15th May
Mental Health Awareness Week is open to everyone. It is all about starting conversations about mental health and the things in our lives that can affect it.
www.mentalhealth.org.uk

“Just because you are struggling doesn’t mean your falling” – Nelson Mandela

Special Days

2nd May

  • May Day (Bank Holiday)
  • Ramadan Ends (dependant on sighting of new moon) – (Islam)

3rd May

  • Eid ul Fitr* – (Islamic holiday)

4th-9th May

  • Deaf Awareness Week

5th-6th May

  • Yom Ha-Atzmaut – (Jewish Holiday)

9th-15th May

  • Mental Health Awareness Week

10th-23rd May

  • Foster Care Fortnight

11th May

  • National Day for Staff Networks

15th May

  • International Day for Staff Networks
  • National Children’s Day

16th May

  • Buddha Day (Wesak) – (Buddhist)

17th May

  • International Day Against Homophobia, Biphobia & Transphobia

19th May

  • Lag B’Omer – (Jewish Celebration)

26th May

  • Ascension Day – (Christian)

31st May

  • The Visitation of Mary to Elizabeth – (Christian)

Equality, Diversity and Inclusion Events – April 2022

Stress Awareness Month

During Stress Awareness Month, people across the country will join forces to increase public awareness about both the causes and cures for our modern stress epidemic.

World Autism Awareness Week

Date: 28th March-3rd April

World Autism Week is filled with autism friendly events and educational activities to increase understanding and acceptance, and to foster worldwide support.
www.autism.org.uk

“Adopting the right attitude can convert a negative stress to a positive one” – Hans Selye

Special Days

2nd April

  • Hindi New Year – (Hindi)

3rd April

  • Ramayana begins – (Hindi)
  • Ramadan Start – (Islam)
  • Passion Sunday – (Christian)

7th April

  • World Health Day

10th April

  • Palm Sunday – (Christian)
  • Rama Navami – (Hindu)

14th April

  • Baisakhi (Vaisakhi) – (Sikh)
  • Maundy Thursday – (Christian)

15th April

  • Good Friday (Bank Holiday) – (Christian)

15th-23rd April

  • Passover – (Jewish)

17th April

  • Easter Sunday – (Christian)

18th April

  • Easter Monday (Bank Holiday) – (Christian)
  • Birthday of Guru Angad Dev – (Sikh)

22nd April

  • Good Friday – (Orthodox Christian)
  • Stephen Lawrence Day

23rd April

  • St. George’s Day – (Christian)
  • Shakespeare Day

24th April

  • Pascha – (Orthodox Christian) – Easter

29th April

  • Laylat al Qadr (Night of Power) – (Islamic observation)

JTM’s Monthly Safeguarding Bulletin – March 2022

Topics for this month:

Ukraine Invasion

Early on the morning of the 24th February 2022 in Ukraine, Russian troops poured over the border, and Russian planes and missile launchers attacked Ukrainian cities and airports. Amid the shock and horror, the attacks spanned much of the country, far beyond the border provinces where there has been sporadic fighting between both countries for years.

Ukraine’s government called it “a full-scale attack from multiple directions. It has triggered Europe’s largest refugee crisis since World Ward II, with more than 3.8 million Ukrainians fleeing the country. The devastating invasion has marked a major escalation of the on-going Russian-Ukrainian conflict, which first began in 2014.

The invasion has been widely condemned internationally, with many countries around the world including the UK imposing sanctions on Russia, which has hugely affected the economy of Russia and the rest of the world. Numerous companies have withdrawn their products and services from Russia and Belarus, and the invasion has been heavily broadcasted through the media and other online platforms as a catastrophic war crime on Ukraine worldwide.

The Russian leader Putin’s, initial aim was to overrun Ukraine and depose of its government, ending its desire to join the Western defensive alliance, NATO.

The ongoing military Russian attacks on Ukraine has disastrously grown to children’s homes, Schools, orphanages, and Hospitals affecting the most sick and vulnerable, and as of the 22nd March 2022 there was 2,571 recorded civilian casualties in the country, 977 of those killed and 1,594 badly injured. Sadly, millions of people have no safe place to call home, and hundreds of thousands of Ukraine people are trapped underground, have no heat or electricity.

Our thoughts and prayers are with all the people of Ukraine and the country and would like to support and help this crisis as much as we can.

You can donate to the International Red Cross, which will provide humanitarian relief to Ukrainians affected by the conflict. The aim is to provide food, water, a safe shelter, protection, hygiene kits & physiological support, especially to Ukraine women and children. Red Cross have distributed over 90,000 food, clothes & aid parcels, and set up metro shelter stations in Kyiv helping over 7,000 civilians.

https://donate.redcross.org.uk

‘Ukraine Take Shelter’ is a website that connects Ukrainian refuges with potential hosts of support and housing. The website was launched in March 2022 by two Harvard students, as a way to offer emergency help and to connect people to safe places in crisis as quickly as possible.

https://ukrainetakeshelter.com

Further links

Here are some additional resources to help adults support young people & children with the issues surrounding the Russian invasion of Ukraine

• How to talk to students: https://key.sc/3vFsVzU
• Parent information and support pack: http://key.sc/3IKqZtw
• How to adapt your curriculum: https://key.sc/3CaUgLD

How to talk to your teenager about the invasion of Ukraine (BBC Bitesize/Anna Freud Centre)
https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/articles/zbrdjsg

Worrying about Russia and Ukraine (Childline)
https://www.childline.org.uk/get-involved/articles/worrying-about-russia-ukraine/

Did you know that ‘National Stress Awareness Month’ is coming up in April?

Stress Awareness Month has been held every April since 1992 to raise awareness of the causes and cures for our modern stress epidemic. 

The last two years have been the most challenging we have faced and in 2020 services were overwhelmed by people that are struggling and seeking support. This year the Stress Management Society’s theme is Community.  They have chosen this theme because lack of support can cause loneliness and isolation, which in turn lowers people’s wellbeing, impacts mental health and can lead to mental illness.

The Stress Management Society has identified a number of ways that you can help to reduce stress, which include:

Adopt a positive mindset

Being in control of your thoughts increases your ability to find solutions to challenging situations and to deal more effectively with stress. Master your mind and you will never wonder how to deal with stress again.

The SMS have put together a helpful checklist for you to assess your mindset. Simply answer the questions below to get a picture of your wellbeing.

  1. Do you often find yourself worrying about all that could go wrong?
  2. Do you consider yourself a glass-half-empty kind of person?
  3. Do little things often cause exaggerated emotional reactions?
  4. When stressed do you feel confused?
  5. Do you find constant mind chatter distracts you?
  6. Have you ever become forgetful or suffered from a mental block when stressed?
  7. Do you control your mind or does it control you?

If you answered yes to all or most of these questions, you could do with some help resetting your mindset.

Get a good night’s sleep

A good night’s sleep is incredibly important for your health. Anyone who has had a good night’s sleep know the feeling of waking up well rested and feeling on top of the world. Sleep is just as important as eating healthy and exercising for your overall wellbeing as sleep is nature’s healer.

Here are 5 ways that sleep will improve your health:

  1. You will be ill less frequently

Even a small loss of sleep has been shown to impair immune function and your ability to fight off infection.  Study after study shows that if you skimp on sleep, you are likely to get ill. The more sleep you get the more you create the optimum environment for your natural defences to work well.

  1. You will be more relaxed

You will be able to cope better with the pressures of the day if you get enough sleep. You will help yourself avoid building up high libels of the stress hormones cortisol and adrenaline – then they are present you are unlikely to get a good quality deep sleep.

  1. You will be able to maintain your weight

Poor sleep is strongly linked to weight gain. Your body needs sleep to normalise weight-control hormones. In fact, short sleep duration is one of the strongest risk factors for obesity.

  1. You will improve your memory

Deep sleep dramatically improves how your brain works. It affects how nerve cells in the brain connect, governing everything from how the brain controls behaviour to the ability to learn or remember.

  1. You will be at greater risk of heart disease or stroke

It’s known that sleep quality and duration can have a major effect on many health risk factors. These are the factors believed to drive chronic diseases, including heart disease.  A review of 15 studies found that people who don’t get enough sleep are at far greater risk of heart disease or stroke than those who sleep 7–8 hours per night.

Get moving to combat stress

When your body goes into a state of stress, it is expecting some kind of physical activity. One way to take control of stress is to give your body what it was anticipating i.e. physical activity.

Have you ever engaged in exercise after a stressful day? Ask yourself how did you feel once you had finished?

The SMS have put together a helpful checklist for you to assess your exercise levels. Simply answer the questions below to get a picture of your whether you are doing enough exercise to combat stress.

  1. Do you get out of breath climbing the stairs?
  2. Do you NOT exercise to the point of perspiration at least three times a week?
  3. When you bend down then stand up, do you feel light-headed or see spots?
  4. Do you feel that exercise takes more from you than it gives you?
  5. Do you feel exhausted after exercise instead of exhilarated?

If you answered yes to most or all of those questions, you need some help. Click here to explore many practical suggestions on improving your fitness and getting enough exercise to build your resilience to stress:

https://www.stress.org.uk/category/10-step-stress-solution/get-moving-to-combat-stress/

Prioritise your health

It can be hard to constantly think about prioritising your health. Life is busy and most people have lots to juggle with work and home life. In order to prioritise your health, consistently and longer term it is critical to make a plan and hold yourself accountable.

Here are five simple steps for accomplishing this:

  1. Don’t try to change everything at once

It is completely unrealistic to change everything at one time. Sometimes the more we try to do, the less able we are to make any of these changes, and everything suffers. Pick one thing that is your priority and stick to it. If you are struggling to pick something make a list of everything you want to change. Think about how each item on the list affects the other, and which makes the most sense to start with. Once you have chosen set a tangible and achievable goal you know you can attain and look at this commitment each and every day.

  1. Change your environment

Depending on the goal you set this will mean different things. In order to achieve the goal it is highly likely that you will need to change something in your environment to help you achieve this. For example if your goals is weight loss, why not go through your cupboards and remove the unhealthy foods.

  1. Small changes add up

It doesn’t always have to be huge changes that you make, small things really do add up. It could be as simple as taking the stairs rather than the lift at work. Parking further away at the supermarket. Drinking more water rather than tea, coffee or fizzy drinks.

  1. If you lapse, get right back on the wagon

We are all only human. There will be times when we make poor choices and we do things that we know are not good for our health. Put that out of your mind and get back on track as soon as possible. You don’t need to overcompensate to try to undo what has already been done. This only makes getting back on track harder.

  1. Make time for your new habits

Ensuring you follow through and are committed to make long term change takes time. You are changing behaviours that you have had for years so it will take time and dedication to stay on track. Take time out every morning to note all the positive behaviours you are committing to for the day. Maybe it’s wake up earlier to work out, or make a healthy breakfast or walk a mile during your lunch break. If you do this every day your thoughts will be come your actions, and your actions will become your habits.

For more tips on how to prioritise your health, visit:  https://www.stress.org.uk/prioritise-your-health-in-5-steps/

The 30 Day Challenge

The Stress Management Society are encouraging a 30 Day Challenge for April where you pick one action each for your Physical, Mental and Emotional Wellbeing to carry out every day.

It takes 30 days to turn actions into habits, which is why this is a month-long programme.  The 30-day challenge will maximise your chances of turning useful knowledge and techniques into positive behavioural change.

Click below to gain the access to their free resources specifically created for the month of April. You can download the 30 Day Challenge, a Daily De-Stressing Planner, a Stress Guide, 7 Steps Achievement Plan, useful infographics on stress and much more!

What else could you do for Stress Awareness Month?

Talk about stress and its effects – work together to reduce the stigma that is associated with stress by talking about the topic openly and freely with friends, family and colleagues.

Share your coping mechanisms – if something has worked for you why not share it. It might benefit someone you care about and in the meantime, it might help you take your focus off your own challenges.

Be nice to those who are stressed and anxious – we are all undoubtedly going to experience stress and anxiety in our lifetime so treat others going through it with compassion and empathy.

Look after yourself – we all need to think more about self–care. Take time out of your day to relax or do something that you enjoy. Don’t forget to exercise and eat well, even when you feel too stressed.

The most crucial thing you can do when you are stressed or anxious is to make sure you are continuing to look after yourself. Make time to relax when you need to and learn to say no to requests that are too much for you.

For more information, visit: https://www.stress.org.uk/

International Trans Day of Visibility – 31st March 2022

What is Trans Day of Visibility?

TDOV takes place on March 31st each year to celebrate trans and non-binary people and raise awareness of discrimination faced by trans people worldwide.

Increasing media backlash towards trans people has begun in the wake of the NHS GIC consultation in 2017 and the upcoming consultation on the reformation of the Gender Recognition Act expected in Spring 2018.

At LGBT Foundation, they are aware that there is a lot of pressure on trans and non-binary people to conform, change and prove their gender to others. They believe that all trans people, regardless of identity, expression, or orientation, are enough just as they are. Therefore, for TDoV they would like to help empower trans people to celebrate who they are, and encourage allies to voice solidarity with the trans community.

The ‘I am Enough’ campaign aims are as follows:

Affirmation and Empowerment – For trans people, a message of strength, resilience and community. The aim of the campaign is to provide a message that ties together the following themes:

  • Acceptance of individuals in their chosen gender, just the way they are without the need for change/treatment/qualifying factors.
  • Promotion of self-deceleration of gender Identity
  • Visibility of non-binary identities.

Awareness Raising and Allyship – For non-trans/cis people to be able to stand up and show solidarity and support for their trans family, friends and colleagues.

To find out more about international trans day of visibility, visit the LGBT Foundation’s website: https://lgbt.foundation/who-we-help/trans-people/trans-day-of-visibility

Is there something on your mind?

LBGT Foundation are there to offer support and advice on a range of topics. Their service is non-judgement, and they are there to talk through whatever is on your mind:

  • Struggling with your mental health?
  • Feeling lonely or isolated?
  • Thinking about coming out?
  • Questioning your gender identity?
  • Want some information about sexual health or where to find sexual health testing?
  • Being harassed at work because of your sexual orientation or gender identity?
  • Need to report a hate crime?
  • Want to know about our services or what support is available in your local area?

LGBT Foundation understand how anxious you might feel reaching out for support. When you call, you will find someone on the other end of the line with a friendly voice and a listening ear.

Call them on 0345 330 3030 or email: helpline@lgbt.foundation

Online Safety Bill introduced into UK Parliament

Internet users are one step closer to a safer online environment as the UK government’s new world-leading online safety laws were brought before parliament on 17/03/22.

The Online Safety Bill marks a milestone in the fight for a new digital age which is safer for users and holds tech giants to account. It will protect children from harmful content such as pornography and limit people’s exposure to illegal content, while protecting freedom of speech.

It will require social media platforms, search engines and other apps and websites allowing people to post their own content to protect children, tackle illegal activity and uphold their stated terms and conditions.

The regulator Ofcom will have the power to fine companies failing to comply with the laws up to ten per cent of their annual global turnover, force them to improve their practices and block non-compliant sites.

Once the bill has been debated and then approved by each House of Parliament, and has received Royal Assent, it will then become law.

For more information, see: https://www.gov.uk/government/news/world-first-online-safety-laws-introduced-in-parliament

New Protect UK app

The UK’s National Counter Terrorism Police have recently revamped and relaunched their Protect UK app, the counter terrorism and security information sharing platform. The app gives a useful overview of counter terrorism guidance, including details on the current national threat level, incident response action cards, how to report incidents, plus news and updates from the NCTP.

The app is free to download and available from the Google Play Store and Apple App Store and you don’t require an account to use it.

Supporting young people with SEND on line

The internet can be a great place, but we need to be aware of the risks involved with being online. For children with SEND, they may encounter further challenges and therefore additional support may be required.

There is a lot of tailored information available to parents and carers and the following links are a great starting point:

https://www.nspcc.org.uk/keeping-children-safe/online-safety/online-safety-families-children-with-send/

Supporting children and young with SEND online | Internet Matters

Supporting young people with SEND online | Childnet

The above sites cover topics such as helping children browse safely online, setting appropriate parental controls, activities to help discussions about being online and the steps which can take to help protect children online.

Safeguarding Soundbite – Young Carers, Child Sexual Exploitation and Safeguarding News

Safeguarding Soundbites – Young Carers, Child Sexual Exploitation and Safeguarding News – Ineqe Safeguarding Group

Additional information

Young Carers

The lifestyle of being a carer is often a lonely one and for young carers any isolation can be tough to cope with.

In honour of Young Carers Action Day 2022, here’s a guide on how to spot, support and stand with the young carers in your communities!

Young Carers and Isolation – Ineqe Safeguarding Group

CSE Awareness Day

 To marked CSE Awareness Day which was on Friday 18th March 2022

 We all have a role to play in raising awareness about all forms of exploitation to enable safeguarding professionals, the public, parents and carers, as well as the children and young people in our lives, to recognise the signs of exploitation.

CSE Awareness Day 2022 – Ineqe Safeguarding Group

Child Q – Safeguarding Practice Review

Child Q who was strip searched by two female Metropolitan Police Officers in a school, even whilst being on her period. The review report by City and Hackney Safeguarding Children Partnership makes dreadful reading. There are a number of shocking aspects to the case, not least that no-one from the police or the school spoke to a parent. Child Q was so distressed about what had happened that her mother took her to the GP, and it was the GP that contacted Children’s Services.

Strip search of Child Q should never have happened

The review report is ‘clear that the strip search of Child Q should never have happened and there was no reasonable justification for it.’ The report found that the school was fully compliant with expected practice standards when responding to its concerns about Child Q smelling of cannabis and its subsequent search of Child Q’s coat, bag, scarf and shoes. ‘This demonstrated good curiosity by involved staff and an alertness to potential indicators of risk.’

School staff ‘deferred to the authority of the police’

The review found that the school staff ‘deferred to the authority of the police on their arrival at school. They should have been more challenging to the police, seeking clarity about the actions they intended to take. All practitioners need to be mindful of their duties to uphold the best interests of children.’

One member of staff from the school concerned to the review, ‘In hindsight I put my trust in the law; I know now that I need to understand the law better… For example, insisting on staying with a student at all times.’

Appropriate Adult

Appropriate Adults are there ‘to safeguard the interests, rights, entitlements and welfare of children and vulnerable people who are suspected of a criminal offence, by ensuring that they are treated in a fair and just manner and are able to participate effectively.’ Appropriate Adults are not merely passive observers, they are ‘expected to be an active participant. In order to be effective, they need to be assertive and speak up.’

Racism

The review evaluated the actions of professionals involved on the day of the strip search in the context of Child Q’s ethnicity and whether she was treated differently because she is Black. The report concluded: ‘the disproportionate decision to strip search Child Q is unlikely to have been disconnected from her ethnicity and her background as a child growing up on an estate in Hackney.’ As complex as racism is, one significant feature here is ‘adultification bias’ – where children from Black, Asian and minoritised ethnic communities are perceived as being more ‘streetwise’, more ‘grown up’, less innocent and less vulnerable than other children. This particularly affects Black children, who might be viewed primarily as a threat rather than as a child who needs support’.

Full review

https://chscp.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2022/03/Child-Q-PUBLISHED-14-March-22.p

Sexual Harassment in the Workplace?

Sexual harassment at work is something that can happen to anyone regardless of their background or identity

According to a 2019 survey 38% of women and 14% of men report having experienced some form of sexual harassment at work

Click here to read. If you have concerns for yourself or someone else in relation to any form of harassment or bullying, including on-line , please speak to your line manager or contact JTM’s Safeguarding Lead: gina.stephens@jarvis-eu.com or JTM’s Pastoral Support: janine.ridley@jarvis-eu.com

Equality, Diversity and Inclusion Events – March 2022

this image contains a brief description  for the celebrations of Hoil and Purim and what the possible impacts are.

International Women’s Day

Date: 8th March

The day celebrates the social, economic, cultural and political achievements of women and puts the spotlight on the global action needed to accelerate gender parity.

www.internationalwomensday.com

Disabled Access Day

Date: 16th March

A day to celebrate good access and create opportunities for people to try something new. The day is about highlighting the fantastic access that already exists in places too.  

www.disabledaccessday.com

Young Carers Action Day

Date: 16th March

This year’s Young Carers Action Day (YCAD) will focus on young carers’ futures. Young carers will showcase the incredible skills they develop from caring – like resilience, time-management and empathy, and they will use the #YCAD platform to call on employers and potential and realise their dreams.

www.carers.org.uk

Prostate & Ovarian Cancer Awareness Month

Date: All Month

Both Campaigns focus on earlier awareness of symptoms, genetic predisposition, and early detection.

www.cancerresearchuk.org

International Day of Happiness 😊

Date: 20th March

The UN General Assembly adopted a resolution which recognised happiness as a “fundamental human goal” and called for members to promote happiness and well-being.

www.dayofhappiness.net

International Transgender Day of Visibility

Date: 31st March

Celebrated annually on 31st March and is traditionally a time to celebrate transgender people around the world and the courage it takes to live openly and authentically, while also raising awareness about the discrimination trans people continue to face today.

We cannot all succeed when half of us held back” – Malala Yousafzai

Special Days

1st March

  • Zero Discrimination Day
  • Shrove Tuesday – (Christian)
  • Saint David’s Day – (Christian)
  • Maha Shivaratri – (Hinduism)
  • Night of Miraaj – (Islam)

1st-7th March  

  • LGBT Adoption & Fostering Week

2nd March

  • Ash Wednesday (lent begins) – (Christian)

7th March

  • Great Lent begins – (Orthodox Christian)

8th March

  • International Women’s Day

16th March

  • Ta’anit Esther (The Fast of Esther) – (Jewish Observance)
  • Young Carers Action Day
  • Disabled Access Day Disabled Access Day

16th-17th March

  • Purim* – (Jewish Holiday)

17th March

  • Saint Patricks Day – (Christian)

18th March

  • Holi – (Hindi)

18th-19th March

  • Lailat al Bara’ah* – (Islam)

19th March

  • Saint Joseph’s Day – (Christian)

20th March

  • International Day of Happiness
  • Spring Equinox (Season)

21st March

  • International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination

22nd March

  • World Water Day

25th March

  • The Annunciation of the Lord to the Blessed Virgin Mary – (Christian)

27th March

  • Mothering Sunday
  • Daylight Saving Time starts (clock change)

28th-3rd March

  • World Autism Awareness week

31st March

  • International Transgender Day of Visibility

JTM’s Monthly Safeguarding Bulletin – February 2022

Topics for this month:

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) – Mind Charity

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a type of depression that you experience during particular seasons or times of year. Depression is a low mood that lasts for a long time, and affects your everyday life.

If you have SAD, you’ll experience depression during some seasons in particular, or because of certain types of weather.

It’s common to be affected by changing seasons and weather, or to have times of year when you feel more or less comfortable. For example, you might find that your mood or energy levels drop when it gets colder or warmer, or notice changes in your sleeping or eating patterns.

But if your feelings are interfering with your day to day life, it could be a sign that you have depression – and if they keep coming back at the same time of year, doctors might call this seasonal affective disorder or ‘seasonal depression’.

What are the symptoms of SAD?

If you have SAD, you might experience some of the signs and symptoms below. But it’s different for different people, and can vary season to season, so you might also have other kinds of feelings which aren’t listed here:

  • lack of energy
  • finding it hard to concentrate
  • not wanting to see people
  • sleep problems, such as sleeping more or less than usual, difficulty waking up, or difficulty falling or staying asleep
  • feeling sad, low, tearful, guilty or hopeless
  • changes in your appetite, for example feeling more hungry or wanting more snacks
  • being more prone to physical health problems, such as colds, infections or other illnesses
  • losing interest in sex or physical contact
  • suicidal feelings
  • other symptoms of depression.

If you also have other mental health problems, you might find that things get worse at times when you’re affected by SAD.

How can I access treatment?

The first step is usually to visit your GP. If you’re given a diagnosis of SAD, this will be based on whether your symptoms repeatedly follow a seasonal pattern, usually for two or more years – it doesn’t depend on the specific season or time of year when you’re affected.

Mind guide to seeking help for a mental health problem has information about talking to your doctor about your mental health, including what might happen at the appointment and making your voice heard.

What treatments can help?

Treatments such as talking therapies, medication, light therapy and other treatments can help SAD.

Talking therapies:

There are many different talking therapies that can be effective in treating depression. Mind pages on treatment for depression and talking therapy and counselling have more information on these treatments, and information on how to access them – including through the NHS, charities or privately.

Medication:

You might be offered an antidepressant, either on its own or in combination with talking therapy. This will most commonly be a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). Mind pages on treatment for depression and antidepressants have more information.

Light therapy:

Some people say they find it helpful to use a light box – a device that gives off strong white or blue light – or a lamp, or an alarm clock that simulates dawn. This is sometimes called light therapy.

The NHS doesn’t provide light therapy because there is currently insufficient evidence to show it works, although some people find it helpful. More research needs to be done to establish whether it is effective and why some people find it helpful and others don’t.

Light therapy might not be suitable for you if you’re also taking St John’s wort, as St John’s wort can make your skin more sensitive to light.

If you decide to try using a light box or lamp, you may wish to discuss this with your doctor who can advise on whether it’s suitable for you to try. If you have existing eye problems or you use a light box regularly, it’s also advisable to talk to an optician and to have regular eye check-ups.

Other treatments:

You might also decide to try other treatments alongside, or instead of, talking therapies or medication. These might include:

Your doctor may be able to refer you to some of these. You can also contact your local Mind to find out what they have available.

For more information please visit:
https://www.mind.org.uk/information-support/types-of-mental-health-problems/seasonal-affective-disorder-sad/treatments/#medication

Advice and guidance regarding eating disorders

An eating disorder is a mental health condition where you use the control of food to cope with feelings and other situations.

Unhealthy eating behaviours may include eating too much or too little, or worrying about your weight or body shape. Anyone can get an eating disorder, but children and young people between 13 and 17 are mostly affected. With treatment, most people can recover from an eating disorder.

Types of eating disorders:

The most common eating disorders are:

  • Anorexia nervosa – trying to control your weight by not eating enough food, exercising too much, or doing both to an extreme.
  • Bulimia – losing control over how much you eat and then taking drastic action by self-inflicted vomiting to not put on weight.
  • Binge eating disorder (BED) – eating large portions of food until you feel uncomfortably full, with often recurrent episodes and until in a lot of discomfort which can be life threatening.


Symptoms of an eating disorder can include:

  • Spending a lot of time worrying about your weight and body shape
  • Avoiding socialising when you think food will be involved
  • Eating very little food
  • Making yourself sick or taking laxatives after you eat
  • Exercising too much
  • Having very strict habits or routines around food
  • Changes in your mood such as being withdrawn, anxious or depressed

You may also notice physical signs, including:

  • Feeling cold, tired or dizzy
  • Pains, tingling or numbness in your arms and legs (poor circulation)
  • Feeling your heart racing, fainting or feeling faint
  • Problems with your digestion, such as bloating, constipation or diarrhoea
  • Your weight being very high or very low for someone of your age and height, and noticeable drastic weigh loss.
  • Not getting your period or other delayed signs of puberty

Getting help for an eating disorder:

If you think you may have an eating disorder, see a GP as soon as you can. A GP will ask about your eating habits and how you are feeling, as well as check your overall health and weight. They may refer you to an eating disorder specialist or team of specialists.

It can be very hard to admit you have an eating problem but it is important to ask for help. It may make things easier if you bring a friend or loved one with you to your appointment.

You can also talk in confidence to an adviser from eating disorders charity ‘Beat’ by calling their free adult helpline on 0808 801 0677 or free youth helpline on 0808 801 0711.

Beat listen, help to understand the illness, and offer specialist support to take positive steps towards recovery. They also support family and friends, equipping them with essential skills and advice, so they can help their loved ones recover whilst also looking after their own mental health. Beat campaign to increase knowledge among healthcare and other relevant professionals, and for better funding for high-quality treatment with eating disorders, so that when people are brave enough to take vital steps towards recovery, the right help is available to them.

The work they do means that every year lives are saved, families are kept together, and people are able to live free of eating disorders.

The Beat Charity website is below for more information and advice: https://www.beateatingdisorders.org.uk/get-information-and-support/about-eating-disorders/types/arfid/

Drug Abuse

Those who have never taken drugs may find it hard to comprehend why others would choose to abuse illegal substances.

The reality is that drugs are highly addictive, and nobody actually elects to become addicted. Addiction is an illness that some people are more prone to than others. Did you know that giving drugs to another person such as a friend is classed as a criminal offence and could result in a prison sentence?

There are many drug abuse facts that people are simply unaware of; below are some examples:

Drug Abuse Facts – The types of drugs involved:

Most people think about heroin, cocaine or cannabis when they hear the word drugs, but other substances come under the heading of drugs.

  • Over-the-counter medication – There are some substances that can be purchased by individuals over the age of sixteen that can be classed as drugs. Although these medications are considered to be safe enough to sell without a prescription, they can be dangerous when misused. Taking large doses of medication such as paracetamol, aspirin or ibuprofen can lead to a host of physical and mental health problems.
  • Prescription medication – Strong painkillers are only available with a prescription because they are considered to be extremely dangerous when abused. Some of these medications can cause addiction when taken over an extended period of time.
  • Psychoactive substances – These illegal manufactured substances were sold as incense, plant food or bath salts and were marked as ‘not fit for human consumption’. They are designed to mimic the effects of other illegal drugs such as ecstasy and cannabis. However, they are extremely dangerous and have been linked to many serious health issues, and even death.
  • Illegal drugs – As mentioned above, most people think of drugs such as cocaine, heroin and cannabis when they hear about drug abuse and addiction. And they would be right because, for the most part, these are the most prevalent hard drugs in the world today. These illegal drugs can lead to many problems, not least of which is addiction. There are also many other illegal drugs that cause destruction and devastation to the lives of those affected including crystal meth, mephedrone, and ecstasy.

Signs and symptoms of drug abuse:

There are many signs, both physical and behavioural, that indicate drug use. Each drug has its own unique manifestations, but there are some general indications that a person is using drugs:

  • Sudden change in behaviour
  • Mood swings; irritable and grumpy and then suddenly happy and bright
  • Withdrawal from family members
  • Careless about personal grooming
  • Loss of interest in hobbies, sports and other normal favourite activities/interests
  • Changed sleeping pattern; up at night and sleeping during the day
  • Red or glassy eyes
  • Sniffly or runny nose
Drug Abuse Treatment:

The good news regarding drug abuse is that there are many treatment options available to those who want help.

As well as NHS-funded programmes, there are many private residential and outpatient clinics providing excellent care and support to those affected by drug addiction. In addition, there are charities and local support groups that work tirelessly to make sure that those who need help can access it.

https://www.recovery.org.uk/ will help you find the best treatment for you or a loved one with just one telephone call. Our fully trained addiction counsellors are there 24 hours a day and offer advice on both NHS and private treatment options.

The Addiction Helpline is 100% free to use and all calls are confidential. Telephone helpline number 0203 553 0324

Please visit the website for more information:https://www.recovery.org.uk/drug-addiction/drug-abuse-facts/

Domestic Abuse

Domestic abuse is a pattern of coercive control, which includes combinations of physical, sexual, psychological and financial abuse and isolation by a current or former partner, or family member.

Domestic abuse includes:

  • psychological abuse
  • physical abuse
  • sexual abuse
  • financial abuse
  • emotional abuse
  • so called ‘honour’ based violence.

Other definitions include:

  • Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)
  • Forced marriage (FM)
  • Honour based violence (HBV)
  • Prostitution and trafficking
  • Sexual Violence including rape
  • Sexual exploitation
  • Sexual harassment
  • Stalking

It can be hard supporting someone experiencing domestic abuse, whilst your first instinct maybe to protect, getting involved can be dangerous for you and the victim.

National support and advice on how to respond can be found by visiting:

https://www.nationaldahelpline.org.uk/en/Supporting-a-survivor

The freephone, 24-hour National Domestic Abuse Helpline: 0808 2000 247

https://www.nationaldahelpline.org.uk/en/What-is-abuse

Information about support in Liverpool can be found by visiting:

Information and contacts for support services across the Merseyside can be found by visiting:

Greater Manchester Domestic Abuse Helpline: 0800 254 0909

Independent Choices Greater Manchester set up our confidential Greater Manchester Domestic Abuse Helpline in 1978. It is open for anyone over the age of 16 who is experiencing or has previously experienced domestic abuse & violence in any form. Visit the website for more information:

7 Minute Briefings:

Please read the attached information regarding the 7 minute briefing covering:

Online Safety:

Safeguarding concerns with Virtual Reality app

Some apps in the virtual-reality metaverse are “dangerous by design”, the NSPCC has warned in response to a BBC News investigation.

A researcher posing as a 13-year-old girl witnessed grooming, sexual material, racist insults and a rape threat in the virtual-reality world.

The metaverse is the name given to games and experiences accessed by people wearing virtual reality headsets. The technology, previously confined to gaming, could be adapted for use in many other areas – from work to play, concerts to cinema trips.

Mark Zuckerberg thinks it could be the future of the internet – so much so, he recently rebranded Facebook as Meta, with the company investing billions developing its Oculus Quest headset.

The app used in the investigation, called VRChat, is an online virtual platform which users can explore with 3D avatars.

While it is not made by Facebook, it can be downloaded from an app store on Facebook’s Meta Quest headset, with no age verification checks – the only requirement being a Facebook account.

The BBC News researcher created a fake profile to set up her account – and her real identity was not checked.

Inside VRChat, there are rooms where users can meet: some are innocent and everyday – such as a McDonald’s restaurant, for example – but there are also pole-dancing and strip clubs. Children mix freely with adults.

VR and the metaverse are not specifically mentioned in the UK’s forthcoming Online Safety Bill, which is due before parliament in the coming months.

But in evidence to Parliament last year, Culture Secretary Nadine Dorries made it clear the legislation would cover the technology.

The bill, when passed, would impose a duty of care on platforms and providers to protect children from harmful content.

For more information please visit: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-60415317

Locket

Locket is a widget all about photo sharing; it’s designed to let people share photos instantly with other users they have connected with. Widgets are little pieces of software that run on your tablet or phone home screen, displaying bite-sized information without making you open an application, for example the weather forecast or a media player.

Instead of sending photos via an app like Snapchat or WhatsApp, the photos automatically appear on the other person’s phone screen. It’s a bit like a private social media platform right there on your home screen. Locket is free to download and does not include in-app purchases.  

Users can choose up to ten friends to connect with, all of whom must also have downloaded the Locket widget app. Once connected, the users’ photos are shared with each other via their phone’s home screen widget. Essentially, users are allowing contacts to place pictures directly onto each other’s iPhone home screen. It’s currently only available on iOS.

Potential safeguarding concerns with Locket:

Age Verification

Locket’s terms of service says that a user must be 13 years of age or older to create an account or use the services. However, there is no age verification process. Users simply have to check a box agreeing that they have parental permission to use it. For children who are eager to use the widget, they could simply check this box and continue on to use Locket.  

With no parental controls, a child or young person could be vulnerable to seeing inappropriate images – remember, the photographs will appear instantly on their phone, without further permissions needed to send, receive, or view them. This means that inappropriate images could be shared with no warning. 

Image Sharing

Once an image is sent, there is no way to retrieve or delete it. The other user will have access to the photo in their history and on their widget. Once it has been sent, there isn’t a way to take it back via the widget.  

There are many reasons why a child or young person might send an image and then regret doing so, including coercion, grooming or simply by mistake. They may feel they can trust the person they’re sending it to but there are no guarantees about what the other person will do with that image – it does not remain ‘in the widget’ and could be shared with others on other external platforms and apps. 

For more information please visit: https://ineqe.com/2022/02/02/locket-widget/

Sexting: advice for professionals by NSPCC

Sexting is when people share a sexual message and/or a naked or semi-naked image, video or text message with another person. It’s also known as nude image sharing. Children and young people may consent to sending a nude image of themselves. They can also be forced or coerced into sharing images by their peers or adults online.

If a child or young person originally shares the image consensually, they have no control over how other people might use it. If the image is shared around peer groups it may lead to bullying and isolation. Perpetrators of abuse may circulate a nude image more widely and use this to blackmail a child and/or groom them for further sexual abuse.

It’s a criminal offence to create or share explicit images of a child, even if the person doing it is a child. If sexting is reported to the police, they will make a record but may decide not take any formal action against a young person.

If you have any concerns, please contact JTM’s Safeguarding Lead immediately: gina.stephens@jarvis-eu.com or JTM’s Pastoral Support: janine.ridley@jarvis-eu.com

Getting an explicit image removed from the internet

To get an explicit image removed from the internet you can:

  • report the image to the site or network hosting it
  • contact the Internet Watch Foundation (IWF)
  • encourage the child or young person to get in touch with Childline.

Young people under 18 who are worried that a sexual image or video of them may have been shared online can use Childline and IWF’s Report Remove tool to see if it can be taken down.

For more information please visit:
https://learning.nspcc.org.uk/research-resources/briefings/sexting-advice-professionals

Healthy and unhealthy relationships

Children form bonds with others at all stages of their development. Forming healthy, positive relationships helps children and young people feel safe and supported as they grow up.

But being in an unhealthy relationship negatively affects a young person’s wellbeing. They might feel anxious and nervous or not free to make their own decisions. They might have low self-esteem and depression, experience headaches or have other ongoing physical health symptoms (Women’s Aid, 2015).

It’s important that anyone who works or volunteers with children is able to recognise if something is wrong in a young person’s relationship and take appropriate action to keep them safe.

Recognising the signs of healthy and unhealthy relationships

Children and young people might not always understand that a relationship they are in is unhealthy. If they have been groomed for example, they might believe they are in a healthy relationship. If they have experienced unhealthy or abusive family relationships, they might never have known any different.

This means children and young people might not always speak out about unhealthy relationships. So it’s really important that the adults around them are able to spot the warning signs.

Signs of healthy relationships:

A healthy relationship is one where a young person is respected and feels valued for who they are. It’s where they can openly share their thoughts and feelings and feel supported and encouraged.

Healthy relationships include:

  • good communication
  • mutual respect
  • trust
  • honesty
  • equality
  • being yourself.

In a healthy relationship a person is free to make choices about their own behaviour and is not controlled or coerced into doing anything.

Signs of unhealthy relationships

An unhealthy relationship is one where a child is not being treated with respect. They might be forced or coerced into doing things they aren’t comfortable with, be made to behave in a certain way, or be made to feel they aren’t good enough. Because young people don’t always realise when they are in an unhealthy relationship, it is important that adults are able to recognise the signs.

A young person might:

  • not have close relationships other than with one particular person
  • be isolated from friends and family
  • be prevented from working or going to school, college or university
  • have their money taken away or controlled
  • have access to food, drinks and day-to-day items restricted
  • have their time controlled or heavily monitored
  • have their social media accounts controlled or heavily monitored
  • be told what to wear
  • feel pressured to do things they are not comfortable with
  • be put down or criticised
  • experience threats of violence if they don’t behave a certain way
  • experience threats to loved ones or pets
  • be threatened with damage to their personal property

For more information please visit:

https://learning.nspcc.org.uk/safeguarding-child-protection/healthy-and-unhealthy-relationships

If you are concerned that someone you know may be in an unhealthy relationship and you have concerns, please contact JTM’s Safeguarding Lead immediately: gina.stephens@jarvis-eu.com or JTM’s Pastoral Support: janine.ridley@jarvis-eu.com

Apprentice case study

In this blog post, we will be catching up with one of our apprentices, who has recently completed their apprenticeship. Jessica is employed at Little Angel’s Nursery after completing her Early Years Educator apprenticeship.

Why did you choose an Apprenticeship?

The reason I did an apprenticeship was due to me being on a work placement at Little Angels while studying health and social care. I decided that I wanted to stay at the nursery, so an apprenticeship was a great opportunity to develop in the role.

What new skills have you gained from your apprenticeship that you didn’t have when you started?

By completing an apprenticeship, it has enabled me to develop my knowledge and skills and this has helped me in my current role. 

What advice would you give someone who is considering doing an apprenticeship?

The advice I would give is to do it as it’s useful if you are looking to work in a specific industry. 

What are you doing now that you’ve finished your apprenticeship, and do you have any further progression plans?

I am considering progressing onto the level 4 apprenticeship as this can further expand my knowledge. 

How was your training with JTM?

My training with JTM was really good and the tutors were easy to get a hold of if you need any help. 

Would you recommend JTM to others?

I would recommend JTM as they worked around my hours this was especially helpful as I work 40-hour weeks. 

If you would like to learn more about our Early Years Educator apprenticeship, then why not get in touch with our recruitment team on 0151 336 9340. 

Apprentice case study

We caught up with Laura, who has recently completed an Early Years Educator apprenticeship with us at JTM. We got in touch to see how she is doing now that she completed her apprenticeship at Ash Bridge Nursery in Preston.

Why did you choose an apprenticeship?
The reason that I wanted to do an apprenticeship is that I wanted a practical qualification and to become qualified in this area. The apprenticeship has also improved my knowledge in a childcare setting.

What advice would you give to someone who is considering doing an apprenticeship?
The advice that I would give is to be aware that it is a long-term commitment so make sure that the apprenticeship is in area that you are looking to go into the future.

What are you doing now that you’ve finished your apprenticeship, and do you have any further progression plans?
Once I finished my apprenticeship, I have moved into the teaching industry where I am currently employed at a supply agency called ‘Teaching Personnel’. My current plans are to stay in current role at the agency.

How was your training with JTM?
My training with JTM was good and my assessor was very helpful in keeping me motivated to finish my qualification.

If you would like to learn more about our Early Years Educator apprenticeship, then why not contact our friendly recruitment team on 0151 336 9340

JTM’s Monthly Safeguarding Bulletin – January 2022

Topics for this month:

Safer Internet Day – 8th February 2022

Safer Internet Day is celebrated globally in February each year to promote the safe and positive use of digital technology for children and young people, and to inspire a national conversation about using technology responsibly, respectfully, critically, and creatively.

Safer Internet Day 2022 is on 8th February and will be celebrated with the theme ‘All fun and games? Exploring respect and relationships online’. Coordinated in the UK by the UK Safer Internet Centre, Safer Internet Day is celebrated in over a hundred countries coordinated by the joint Insafe/INHOPE network, with the support of the European Commission, and national Safer Internet Centres across Europe.

Educators, social workers and other professionals working with children and young people play a key role in supporting children to learn about how to stay safe online. As well as supporting young people to stay safe online, staff also need to protect their own online reputation, particularly when using social networking sites.
Click here for information on recovering accounts

Advice about protecting your reputation while using social media and technology both personally and professionally can be found here: https://saferinternet.org.uk/guide-and-resource/teachers-and-school-staff/professional-reputation

Online Safety: Replika

Replika is an Artificial Intelligence (AI) platform that takes the form of an interactive, personalised chatbot. It learns how to ‘replicate’ genuine human interaction through conversations with the user who created them.  

It was developed by AI start-up Luka in 2017, as a way to reconnect with a loved one who had passed away. Replika has reached over 10 million users worldwide after seeing a 35% increase during the global pandemic.  

The Facts

  • Users communicate with an AI chatbot they create – not other human users 
  • Users must be 13 or older, and users under 18 must have parental consent 
  • Replika have stated they do not use human moderation  
  • Privacy features are limited to reporting bugs or responses to the developers 

Replika, like many platforms that facilitate connection, saw a boost in user engagement during the COVID-19 lockdowns. But what makes Replika different from other connection-based platforms is its AI factor. Users are not interacting with other users – they are having an entirely private experience with their own personalised friend who is ‘always there for them, no matter what’. 

Potential safeguarding risks to be aware of

  • Age Verification – Users under 13 years of age are denied access to the app. However, this is easily avoided by putting in a different date of birth. There are no age verifications on the desktop version of the app and you can register using a fake email address.
  • No moderation – The platform has said they do not use human moderators. Users can flag bugs or report issues with the AI to the support team, but vulnerable children or young people can still be exposed to inappropriate or suggestive interactions, or not receive appropriate help needed in a time of crisis.  
  • Inappropriate Content – Safeguarding test on the app describe graphic adult themes (i.e., wanting to ‘touch them inappropriately’) when unprompted, despite being in ‘Friend’ mode. If a young person is interested in Replika and searches it on TikTok or Reddit, they will be exposed to screenshots of others engaging in NSFW conversations with their Replikas.
  • Persuasive Design – The novelty of this platform may increase a young person’s desire to try it. Once a user is on the platform, they are encouraged to chat with their Replika as much as possible to gain XP and coins, which can impact screen time habits. A young person may also want to spend money on subscriptions or bundles to enhance their relationship with their Replika.
  • Mental Health – A vulnerable young person may use the chatbot to talk about their problems. As the chatbot is unable to offer genuine advice, a young person may feel even more isolated or unheard. It’s important young people aren’t discouraged from seeking support online. However, they should be encouraged to seek appropriate supports that engage with humans who can offer guidance and assistance when needed.  
  • Effect on relationships – In some cases, young people may not understand that they could develop an attachment to their Replika, while others may even consider it to be real. This might impact the development of real-life relationships and how children and young people relate to others.   

For more information read the Ineqe Safeguarding leaflet on Replika.

7 Minute Briefings:

Contextual Safeguarding is an approach to understanding, and responding to, young people’s experiences of significant harm beyond their families. This 7-minute briefing provides a short but comprehensive overview of this potential area of abuse and the risks young people can face within their communities.

On the theme of unhealthy and abusive relationships, the 7-minute briefing introduces Coercive Control, what this means and the behaviours which may be seen.

Abuse in Relationships and My Safety Planning are leaflets , designed for young people but containing useful and accessible information for all, details what an abusive relationship may look like and what behaviours may be seen. Alongside this,  My Safety Planning, provides and step by step plan to keeping safe in an abusive relationship, whilst designed for young people it could be used with anyone of any age. Both leaflets are a useful tool to be used directly with young people.  

Mental health facts and statistics

How common are mental health problems?

  • 1 in 4 people will experience a mental health problem of some kind each year in England.
  • 1 in 6 people report experiencing a common mental health problem (like anxiety and depression) in any given week in England.

Who is most affected by mental health problems?


Anyone can get a mental health problem, at any stage of their lifetime, but we know from mental health data that some groups are more likely to get them than others.

These include:

  • People who identify as LGBTIQ+. LGBTIQ+ people are between 2–3 times more likely than heterosexual people to report having a mental health problem in England.
  • Black or Black British people. 23% of Black or Black British people will experience a common mental health problem. This compares to 17% of White British people.
  • Young women aged 16-24, over a quarter (26%) of young women aged between 16–24 years old report having a common mental health problem. This compares to 17% of adults and this number has been going up during the pandemic.
  • Around 40% of people in England who have overlapping problems including homelessness, substance misuse and contact with the criminal justice system in any given year also have a mental health problem. (This is sometimes called facing ‘multiple disadvantages.)

It is important to know that your identity does not give you mental health problems, causes can be very complicated, and higher risks for these groups are generally linked to several factors including:

  • facing social inequality and disadvantage
  • facing discrimination and social exclusion
  • going through traumatic experiences and difficult life events
  • differences in physical health.
  • Lack of family support an opportunity

Specific diagnosis

A person’s diagnosis may change several times, some complex conditions are measured by how many people will be given this diagnosis over the course of their lifetime, or in any given year.

  • Mixed anxiety and depression: 8 in 100 people
  • Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD): 6 in 100 people
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): 4 in 100 people
  • Depression: 3 in 100 people
  • Phobias: 2 in 100 people
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD): 1 in 100 people
  • Panic disorder: fewer than 1 in 100 people.

Estimates for these diagnoses can vary quite a lot, also, personality disorder and schizophrenia are controversial diagnoses. These labels can be stigmatising, and many people feel that they should not be used at all

For more information on free mental health support and advice please visit

https://www.mind.org.uk/  Or call the Mind info helpline on 0300 123 3393

Practical crisis tools are also available on the website to use right away, wherever you are. If you are feeling in crisis and need emergency help.

Preventing Suicide – Zero Suicide Alliance

The World Health Organisation estimates that 800,000 people died by suicide in 2016. Almost 6,000 of these deaths were in the UK.

Suicide is the leading single cause of death in men under 50. That means that more men die of suicide in the UK than heart disease, cancer, heart attack, or in road traffic accidents.

Men are 3 times for likely to take their own lives than women.

The rate of suicide of women in their early 20’s is the highest it has been for two decades. In 2016, 106 women under 30 died by suicide in the UK. In 2018,  1,604 women died by suicide.

Who can I tell if I am feeling suicidal?

It’s really brave to think about opening up and talking about thoughts of suicide. Who is in your life right now who you feel may be able to support you? Below are some ideas of some different people and sources of support you could turn to.

  • Your parents or partner
  • Your GP
  • An Assessor or tutor
  • A youth worker or counsellor
  • Your friends or other family members
  • Support services and helplines such as HOPELINEUK.

What do I say?

When reaching out for help, it can be scary to think about what to say or how to say it. Planning what you’re going to say and when you’re going to say it can help with this.

  • Speak to an adviser at HOPELINEUK for advice
  • There are also other websites that can help you plan and prepare to talk about your mental health with professionals. You can find out more on Places to turn for help

What help is available?

What help is available? It can be hard to imagine what type of help or support you can access if you are feeling suicidal. HOPELINEUK advisors can help you find support and explore options with you, as the help available can vary depending on where you live. Support might include:

  • Talking therapies such as counselling or cognitive behavioural therapy
  • Medication
  • Community Mental Health support
  • Crisis services and sanctuaries
  • Peer support
  • Self-help and online resources
  • Local crisis lines and national helplines

For other services that you can contact for help and support see the Resources on Papyrus website.

Organisations and resources for support:

Help is at Hand:

A resource for people bereaved by suicide and other sudden, traumatic death in England and Wales

https://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/Suicide/Documents/Help%20is%20at%20Hand.pdf

SOBS: Survivors of Bereavement by Suicide

Meeting the needs and help to overcome the isolation experienced by people over 18 who have been bereaved by suicide.

Papyrus: Prevention of Young Suicide

Provides information, training and support for young people to lead prevention.

A Guide to Journaling: different styles and how they can help your mental health (Virtual College)

It goes without saying, it’s important that we do everything we can to look after our mental health. And there are many ways to do that – exercise, therapy, medication, mindfulness techniques. But one tool, one of the easiest and cheapest we have, is the journal.

The idea of journaling isn’t something new. For centuries journaling has been used for things such as capturing dreams, writing poetry and documenting life experiences. In more recent times, journaling has been viewed by psychologists as a great way of supporting mental health problems including issues such as, anxiety, depression, stress and PTSD, as well as holding many other benefits.

But where do you start? To help, Virtual College has produced “A Guide to Journaling: different styles and how they can help your mental health” to see how you can incorporate journaling into your life.

New campaign launch reveals 6 major health benefits to losing weight

A new Better Health marketing campaign was launched at the beginning of January 2022 to help people prevent risks of developing serious illness and help reduce the risk of being hospitalised with COVID-19.

Better Health is working in partnership with 15 weight management and physical activity partners who are providing both free and discounted offers and the website will also signpost to local weight management support.

From reducing the risk of serious diseases such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease and up to 12 types of cancer, to lowering the chances of being hospitalised with COVID-19, the multimedia campaign highlights the serious health conditions which could be prevented by losing excess weight and offers free support and guidance to achieve this goal.

It is estimated that over 3 in 5 adults are at an increased risk from serious diseases as a result of being overweight. Losing just 5% of body weight can seriously reduce the chance of heart disease and could make all the difference in preventing treatable heart conditions.

The new campaign highlights 6 benefits that could have a lasting impact on a person’s health by being a healthier weight:

  1. Decreased risk of common cancers (colon, liver, pancreas, kidney)
  2. Lowered risk of increased blood pressure
  3. Reduced risk of heart disease
  4. Less risk of developing diabetes
  5. Less strain from chronic back and joint pain
  6. Decreased risk of being hospitalised or becoming seriously ill with COVID-19

For more information about the campaign please visit: https://www.gov.uk/government/news/new-campaign-launch-reveals-six-major-health-benefits-to-losing-weight?utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=govuk-notifications&utm_source=acbe3abc-c91a-4ecf-bae8-d6fc42d50c19&utm_content=daily

To visit the ‘Better Health’ website please visit: https://www.nhs.uk/better-health/

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